Industrial Water Reclamation and Reuse to Minimize Liquid Discharge
Water Environment Federation
This WEF publication serves as a comprehensive summary of water reclamation technologies and practices for minimizing liquid discharge for a broad range of industries. It begins with an overview of factors influencing industry to seek to minimize liquid discharges, followed by a review of alternative technologies, performance expectations, management framework, sustainability tools, and concludes with case studies with input from academia, equipment manufacturers, consultants, and industry. This publication will be of use to practitioners, consultants, management, and R&D professionals who want a timely update on the technologies in use and on those technologies on the horizon to provide the highest rates of water recovery in industrial practice. The industrial sectors covered include the oil and gas sector (unconventional oil and gas, produced and petroleum refining water), pharmaceutical, textile, automotive, manufacturing, energy, and food and beverage. The book covers a much broader perspective than North America, including technology development and sustainable applications within the water scarce yet growing regions of Central and South America, Asia, and the Middle East.